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Acidosis usually refers to the processes leading up to the state of low blood pH in the blood plasma or less commonly in bodily tissues. Acodisis officially occurs when the pH of the blood in arteries reach below 7.35.[1] The process of acidosis is classified into two types; respiratory and metabolic.

Respiratory acidosis occurs when the levels of carbon dioxide in the blood are too high and is usually caused by the body's inability to remove sufficent quantities by breathing. A few common causes of this can be: Chest deformaties, Chest injuries and intercostal muscle weakness.[2]

Metabollic acidosis can develop when acid quantities build up to a dangerous level in the body which is most commonly caused by the kidneys not removing acid at a sufficient rate.[3]

Common causes of metabollic acidosis can be; dehydration, aspirin poisoning and kidney disease.


  1. Ryland P Byrd Jr, MD emedicine Acidosis Apr 24, 2014
  2. MedlinePlus Acidosis- 11/07/2013
  3. MedlinePlus Acidosis- 11/07/2013

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