Arthritis

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Arthritis is a condition involving the inflammation of one or more joints in the body, often accompanied by stiffness and a lot of pain at the area of inflammation. In the UK alone, around 10 million people are believed to have this condition [1] Arthritis is often mistaken for other diseases of the bones and the joints, like gout and joint infections, which can sometimes make it difficult to diagnose.

Most cases of arthritis are seen in adults above 40-50 years of age, but can even affect children of all age groups in some cases [2]. Arthritis occurs mainly due to either auto-immune reactions, joint infections, degenerative disorders in the body or injuries. There are over 100 different kinds of arthritis, with the most common being osteoarthritis caused by a degenerative disorder, septic arthritis caused by an infection in the joint, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis which are auto-immune conditions [3][4]. Other common types include Ankylosis spondylitis, Enteropathic arthritis, Reactive arthritis, and secondary arthritis[5]

Symptoms

Symptoms of arthritis are common to other conditions of the joint and bones, which is why it can be misinterpreted to be another condition. But some specific symptoms in arthritis can make it easier to be identified. Main symptoms of arthritis used for clinical observations include - pain and stiffness in the joint, difficulty to move the joint freely due to pain, inflammation of the tendons and muscles in and around the joint, red skin at the inflamed areas, loss of weight and muscle weakness and shrinkage[6].

Treatment

The treatment for arthritis depends on the type of arthritis the individual has. Most of the types of arthritis follow the same treatment. The procedure for treatment may involve -

References

  1. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Arthritis/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  2. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Arthritis/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  3. Healthline:http://www.healthline.com/health/arthritis
  4. Web MD:http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/guide/arthritis-basics
  5. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Arthritis/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  6. Arthritis: The Nation’s Most Common Cause of Disability Centers for disease prevention and health promotion. Retrieved on 2010-01-24
  7. Reid MC, Shengelia R, Parker SJ (Mar 2012). "Pharmacologic management of osteoarthritis-related pain in older adults.". The American journal of nursing 112 (3 Suppl 1): S38–43. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000412650.02926.e3. PMID 22373746.
  8. "Arthritis Drugs". arthritistoday.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  9. Ettinger WH, Burns R, Messier SP, Applegate W, Rejeski WJ, Morgan T, Shumaker S, Berry MJ, O'Toole M, Monu J, Craven T (1997). "A randomized trial comparing aerobic exercise and resistance exercise with a health education program in older adults with knee osteoarthritis. The Fitness Arthritis and Seniors Trial (FAST)". JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association 277 (1): 25–31. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540250033028. PMID 8980206.
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