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What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is the term used to describe a disorder where people have difficulties in reading, writing and spelling.

Sufferers of this condition struggle to accurately and fluently carry out the above tasks. 

This condition also affects an individuals verbal memory and speed of processing speech. 


Dyslexia is often inherited and it affects 5% of the population. 

Research has showed that 1 in 10 people have this condition. 

How is dyslexia caused?

The actual cause of dyslexia is unknown, however it has been found that the condition is associated with neurological origin.

Dyslexia is associated with damage to the left hemisphere of the brain

It has also been found out that sufferers have a decreased blood flow to a specific part of the brain called the angular gyrus.

Diagnosis of dyslexia

Early diagnosis of dyslexia is pivotal to effective educational intervention, however this can be difficult as symptoms aren't always consistent across individuals. Symptoms can also be similar to those in hearing and vision conditions, as well as those relating to attention deficits such as ADHD. Assessments can be made in schools or local dyslexia centres[1].

Treatement for dyslexia

Dyslexia cannot be cured or prevented. However, this condition can be managed in a number of ways, first of all by noticing the signs of dyslexia, followed by getting help from supportive programmes avaliable, if necessary[2]


  1. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/dyslexia/diagnosis/
  2. barrett, barman, boitano, brooks (2010). Ganong's review of medical physiology. United states of America: The Mcgraw-Hill Companies. 23rd edition. 296

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