Helper T-cells

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Helper T cells (CD4+) have the function to induce a response from other immune cells through the production and secretion of cytokines, targeting somatic cells invaded by a foreign antigen. These T cells can be divided into different subsets. The subsets are based on the expression of particular surface markers and on the cytokine production of the helper T cell[1].

Types of Helper T Cells


  1. Lodish H, Berk A, Kaiser C.A, Krieger M, Bretscher A, Ploegh H, Amon A, Martin K.C. Molecular Biology. New York: w.h.freeman Macmillan Learning. 2016.
  2. Alberts et al. Molecular Biology of The Cell. 6th Ed, New York: Garland Science. 2015
  3. Murphy K and Weaver C. Janeway's Immunology. 9th Ed, New York: Garland Science. 2017
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