Hydrochloric acid is a strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. It is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. Gastric acid is the hydrochloric acid component of gastric juice.Molecular formula HCl, the acid is monoprotic- one proton is able dissociate from the molecule to lower pH. It is a strong Brønsted–Lowry acid as it has a high Ka and donates a proton.
HCL is routinely used in chemical research laboratories and manufacturing plants. Its applications include the large-scale production of certain compounds (such as vinyl chloride for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic), removal of rust and scale from metals, petroleum production, and ore processing.How HCL dissociates in water:
HCl + H2O ⇌ H3O+ + Cl−
- ↑ Source: ILO-ICSC Record Name: HYDROGEN CHLORIDE URL: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.display?p_card_id=0163 Description: International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) are data sheets intended to provide essential safety and health information on chemicals in a clear and concise way.Peer-Review Status: 04.10.2000 Validated
- ↑ http://www.chembuddy.com/?left=BATE&amp;amp;amp;right=dissociation_constants
- ↑ https://www.boundless.com/chemistry/textbooks/boundless-chemistry-textbook/acids-and-bases-15/acids-and-bases-107/the-bronsted-lowry-definition-of-acids-and-bases-450-8397/
- ↑ http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Hydrochloric_acid