1,4 glycosidic bond
The two monosaccharides (monomers, a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer) form a disaccharide (2 monomers bound together) and subsequently a polysaccharide (polymers, or many units of sugars). A condensation reaction is when water is eliminated to form a simple molecule. Later hydrolysis by water molecules will reform the two original monosaccharides.
The 1,4 glycosidic bond is formed between the carbon-1 of one monosaccharide and carbon-4 of the other monosaccharide. There are are two types of glycosidic bonds - 1,4 alpha and 1,4 beta glycosidic bonds. 1,4 alpha glycosidic bonds are formed when the OH on the carbon-1 is below the glucose ring; while 1,4 beta glycosidic bonds are formed when the OH is above the plane. When two alpha D-glucose molecules join together a more commonly occurring isomer of glucose compared to the L-glucose, form a glycosidic linkage, the term is known as a α-1,4-glycosidic bond.
- ↑ Biochemistry. 5th edition.erg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. New York: W H Freeman; 2002 - Section 11.2Complex Carbohydrates Are Formed by Linkage of Monosaccharides https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22396/
- ↑ Jeremy M. Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Lubert Stryer. Biochemistry Seventh Edition Freeman
- ↑ Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: W H Freeman; 2002. Section 11.2, Complex Carbohydrates Are Formed by Linkage of Monosaccharides. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22396/