Adenine

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Adenine is one of the four [[Nitrogen|nitrogen]]-containing base pairs found in [[DNA|DNA]], the others being [[Cytosine|Cytosine]] (C), [[Guanine|Guanine]] (G) and [[Thymine|Thymine]] (T). It is one of the purine bases along with guanine. Both cytosine and thymine are pyrimidines. Adenine has a [[Molecular weight|molecular weight]] of ~135 g/mol. In [[DNA|DNA]] it provides stability to the double helix by forming two [[Hydrogen bonds|hydrogen bonds]] with [[Thymine|thymine]], which is adenine's complementary base pair. However in [[RNA|RNA]] it forms [[Hydrogen bonds|hydrogen bonds]] with [[Uracil|uracil]] instead of [[Thymine|thymine]]. [[Purines|Purines]] are 6-membered rings attatched to a 5-membered ring with nitrogens at positions 1, 3, 7 and 9 on the rings.  
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Adenine is one of the four nitrogen-containing base pairs found in [[DNA|DNA]], the others being [[Cytosine|Cytosine]] (C), [[Guanine|Guanine]] (G) and [[Thymine|Thymine]] (T). It is one of the purine bases along with guanine. Both cytosine and thymine are pyrimidines. Adenine has a [[Molecular weight|molecular weight]] of ~135 g/mol. In [[DNA|DNA]] it provides stability to the double helix by forming two [[Hydrogen bonds|hydrogen bonds]] with [[Thymine|thymine]], which is adenine's complementary base pair. However in [[RNA|RNA]] it forms [[Hydrogen bonds|hydrogen bonds]] with [[Uracil|uracil]] instead of [[Thymine|thymine]]. [[Purines|Purines]] are 6-membered rings attatched to a 5-membered ring with nitrogens at positions 1, 3, 7 and 9 on the rings.  
  
 
Adenine plays an important role in cellular organisms in the form of [[ATP|ATP]], an energy-rich molecule used during proccesses such as [[Respiration|respiration]]&nbsp;and other chemical reactions within the cell&nbsp;<ref>http://www.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/Exobiology/adenine.html</ref>.<br>  
 
Adenine plays an important role in cellular organisms in the form of [[ATP|ATP]], an energy-rich molecule used during proccesses such as [[Respiration|respiration]]&nbsp;and other chemical reactions within the cell&nbsp;<ref>http://www.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/Exobiology/adenine.html</ref>.<br>  

Revision as of 22:10, 5 December 2017

Adenine is one of the four nitrogen-containing base pairs found in DNA, the others being Cytosine (C), Guanine (G) and Thymine (T). It is one of the purine bases along with guanine. Both cytosine and thymine are pyrimidines. Adenine has a molecular weight of ~135 g/mol. In DNA it provides stability to the double helix by forming two hydrogen bonds with thymine, which is adenine's complementary base pair. However in RNA it forms hydrogen bonds with uracil instead of thymine. Purines are 6-membered rings attatched to a 5-membered ring with nitrogens at positions 1, 3, 7 and 9 on the rings.

Adenine plays an important role in cellular organisms in the form of ATP, an energy-rich molecule used during proccesses such as respiration and other chemical reactions within the cell [1].

References

  1. http://www.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/Exobiology/adenine.html
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