Albinism

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Albinism is an extremely rare (1:17,000 people) human [[Autosomal recessive disease|autosomal recessive]] condition. Therefore only occurs in phenotype if two [[Allele|alleles]] coding for Albinism are present within a person.  
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Albinism is an extremely rare (1:17,000 people) human [[Autosomal recessive disease|autosomal recessive]] condition. Therefore only occurs in [[Phenotype|phenotype]] if two [[Allele|alleles]] coding for Albinism are present within a person.  
  
Albinism is when a lack of pigment is present within the skin ([[Hypopigmentation|hypopigmentation]]). When a human has Albinism their [[Melanosomes|melanosomes]] (contained within the [[Melanocytes|melanocytes]]) do not allow the movement of the pigment into the extracellular space. As a result the pigment cannot be uptaken by [[Keratinocytes|Keratinocytes]] and such there is a lack of pigment within the skin<ref>Alberts , B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Walter, P. Molecular Biology of the Cell (5th ed.). New York, NY, USA: Garland Science. Pg. 786</ref>.
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Albinism is when a lack of pigment is present within the skin ([[Hypopigmentation|hypopigmentation]]). When a human has Albinism their [[Melanosomes|melanosomes]] (contained within the [[Melanocytes|melanocytes]]) do not allow the movement of the pigment into the extracellular space. As a result the pigment cannot be uptaken by [[Keratinocytes|Keratinocytes]] and such there is a lack of pigment within the skin<ref>Alberts , B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Walter, P. Molecular Biology of the Cell (5th ed.). New York, NY, USA: Garland Science. Pg. 786</ref>.  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Latest revision as of 16:39, 2 December 2015

Albinism is an extremely rare (1:17,000 people) human autosomal recessive condition. Therefore only occurs in phenotype if two alleles coding for Albinism are present within a person.

Albinism is when a lack of pigment is present within the skin (hypopigmentation). When a human has Albinism their melanosomes (contained within the melanocytes) do not allow the movement of the pigment into the extracellular space. As a result the pigment cannot be uptaken by Keratinocytes and such there is a lack of pigment within the skin[1].

References

  1. Alberts , B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Walter, P. Molecular Biology of the Cell (5th ed.). New York, NY, USA: Garland Science. Pg. 786
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