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Albinism is an extremely rare (1:17,000 people) human autosomal recessive condition. Therefore only occurs in phenotype if two alleles coding for Albinism are present within a person.

Albinism is when a lack of pigment is present within the skin (hypopigmentation). When a human has Albinism their melanosomes (contained within the melanocytes) do not allow the movement of the pigment into the extracellular space. As a result the pigment cannot be uptaken by Keratinocytes and such there is a lack of pigment within the skin[1].


  1. Alberts , B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Walter, P. Molecular Biology of the Cell (5th ed.). New York, NY, USA: Garland Science. Pg. 786
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