Alzheimer's disease

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&nbsp;Alzheimer's disease is named after Alois Alzheimer, a German Neurologist who first discovered it. Alzheimer's disease is a brain disease which affects the behaviour, memory and cognitive ability of sufferers and is also considered to be a geriatric disease<ref>Alzheimer’s Association (2011). Alzheimers Disease. http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_alzheimers_disease.asp.Last visited [29.11.2011]</ref>. It is a major cause of dementia which &nbsp;is the loss of memory and brain function.
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=== Causes[[Image:Alzhiemer's_brain_pix.jpg]] ===
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=== [[Image:Alzhiemer's brain pix.jpg]] ===
  
There are no known causes of Alzheimer's, however it is characterised by the following;
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Alzheimer's disease is named after Alois Alzheimer, a German Neurologist who first discovered it. Alzheimer's disease is a brain disease which affects the behaviour, memory and cognitive ability of sufferers and is also consid
  
*Formation of Neurofibrillary tangles and Amyloid plaques (which are proteins) in the brain,
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=== <br> ===
=== <font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-weight: normal; ">
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</span></font> ===
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*Death of brain cells, possibly as a result of the aforementioned point,
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ered to be a geriatric disease<ref>Alzheimer’s Association (2011). Alzheimers Disease. http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_alzheimers_disease.asp.Last visited [29.11.2011]</ref>. It is a major cause of dementia which &nbsp;is the loss of memory and brain function.
=== <font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-weight: normal; ">
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</span></font> ===
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=== Causes ===
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There are no known causes of Alzheimer's, however it is characterised by the following;
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[[Image:Amyloid_plaques.jpg]]
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*Formation of Neurofibrillary tangles and Amyloid plaques (which are proteins) in the brain,<br>
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*Death of brain cells, possibly as a result of the aforementioned point.<br>
  
 
*Abnormalities in brain neurotransmitters.
 
*Abnormalities in brain neurotransmitters.

Revision as of 19:46, 29 November 2011

 

Contents

Alzhiemer's brain pix.jpg

Alzheimer's disease is named after Alois Alzheimer, a German Neurologist who first discovered it. Alzheimer's disease is a brain disease which affects the behaviour, memory and cognitive ability of sufferers and is also consid


ered to be a geriatric disease[1]. It is a major cause of dementia which  is the loss of memory and brain function.

Causes

There are no known causes of Alzheimer's, however it is characterised by the following;

Amyloid plaques.jpg

It is believed that Alzheimer's disease occurs due to irreversible damage to brain neurones causing loss of function.  

Risk Factors

Scientists believe Alzheimer's is caused by a combination of factors, which include;

Signs and Symptoms

The general signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include:

However, it must be noted that these signs and symptoms do not constitute conclusive evidence that one suffers from Alzheimer's disease[2]. Anyone who has any of these symbols is strongly advised to see a doctor for proper diagnosis.

Stages

There are generally three stages of development of Alzheimer's disease; mild, moderate and severe[3]. These can be subdivided into seven stages which range from no impairment to moderate cog nitive decline and severe cognitive decline.

Maintenance

As there is no known cure for Alzheimer's disease, sufferers can be managed in the following ways;

References

  1. Alzheimer’s Association (2011). Alzheimers Disease. http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_alzheimers_disease.asp.Last visited [29.11.2011]
  2. Alzheimer’s Disease International (2010) Early Symptoms http://www.alz.co.uk/alzheimers/symptoms.html. Last viewed [29.11.2011]
  3. National Health Service (2010) Alzheimer’s Disease- Symptoms. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Alzheimers-disease/Pages/Symptoms.aspx. Last viewed [29.11.2011]
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