Amiloride

From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Fixed referencing (put numbers before full stops))
(Added the refs correctly.)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
Amiloride is a drug used to treat [[Hypertension|hypertension]] (&nbsp;high [[Blood pressure|blood pressure]] ). It is a "potassium-sparing" [[Diuretic|diuretic that]] acts by blocking [[Enac|Enac]] (epithelial sodium channel)&nbsp;inhibiting the reabsorption of [[Sodium|sodium]] by the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts within the [[Kidneys|kidneys]]. By doing this it promotes the excretion of [[Sodium|sodium]] and [[Water|water]] from the bloodstream, thereby reducing blood pressure<sup>[[ http://www.pharmgkb.org/views/index.jsp?objId=PA448368#tabview=tab1|[1]]]</sup>.<br>  
+
Amiloride is a drug used to treat [[Hypertension|hypertension]] (high [[Blood pressure|blood pressure]]). It is a "potassium-sparing" [[Diuretic|diuretic that]] acts by blocking [[Enac|Enac]] (epithelial sodium channel)&nbsp;inhibiting the reabsorption of [[Sodium|sodium]] by the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts within the [[Kidneys|kidneys]]. By doing this it promotes the excretion of [[Sodium|sodium]] and [[Water|water]] from the bloodstream, thereby reducing blood pressure<ref>http://www.pharmgkb.org/views/index.jsp?objId=PA448368#tabview=tab1</ref>.<br>  
  
 
Its chemical structure is detailed below:  
 
Its chemical structure is detailed below:  
  
&nbsp; [http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/images/CLK0081C001.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/2304-d.htm&usg=__L8bOh4b1SkQBIAGIu07PBPtG1HA=&h=76&w=163&sz=4&hl=en&start=8&zoom=0&itbs=1&tbnid=_h97Mte0OTxqpM:&tbnh=46&tbnw=98&prev=/images%3Fq%3Damiloride%2Bstructure%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1 [[Image:Amiloride structure.gif|This details the chemical structure of amiloride]]] <sup>[2]</sup>  
+
&nbsp; [http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/images/CLK0081C001.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/2304-d.htm&usg=__L8bOh4b1SkQBIAGIu07PBPtG1HA=&h=76&w=163&sz=4&hl=en&start=8&zoom=0&itbs=1&tbnid=_h97Mte0OTxqpM:&tbnh=46&tbnw=98&prev=/images%3Fq%3Damiloride%2Bstructure%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1 [[Image:Amiloride structure.gif|This details the chemical structure of amiloride]]]&nbsp;<ref>http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/images/CLK0081C001.gif</ref>
  
Adverse side effects of the drug (amiloride hydrochloride) can become as severe as [[Hyperkalemia|hyperkalemia]], which can lead to cardiac arythmias. Should be given with caution to patients with impaired renal function, [[Diabetes|diabetes mellitus]] or the elderly. Amiloride's inhibition of Na<sup>+</sup> in the [[Distal tubule|distal tubule also]] results in reduced electrical potenial across the membrane which in turn leads to inhibition of&nbsp;passive&nbsp;K<sup>+</sup> secretion<sup>[[javascript:void(0);/*1544090225969*/|[3]]]</sup><sup></sup><sup></sup>.
+
Adverse side effects of the drug (amiloride hydrochloride) can become as severe as [[Hyperkalemia|hyperkalemia]], which can lead to cardiac arythmias. Should be given with caution to patients with impaired renal function, [[Diabetes|diabetes mellitus]] or the elderly. Amiloride's inhibition of Na<sup>+</sup> in the [[Distal tubule|distal tubule also]] results in reduced electrical potenial across the membrane which in turn leads to inhibition of&nbsp;passive&nbsp;K<sup>+</sup> secretion<ref>http://www.inchem.org/documents/pims/pharm/pim026.htm</ref>.  
  
 
=== References:  ===
 
=== References:  ===
  
<span style="font-size: 13.28px;">1.&nbsp;</span>[http://www.pharmgkb.org/views/index.jsp?objId=PA448368#tabview=tab1 http://www.pharmgkb.org/views/index.jsp?objId=PA448368#tabview=tab1]
+
<span style="font-size: 13.28px;"><references />&nbsp;</span>
 
+
2. http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/images/CLK0081C001.gif
+
 
+
3. [http://www.inchem.org/documents/pims/pharm/pim026.htm http://www.inchem.org/documents/pims/pharm/pim026.htm]
+
 
+
&nbsp;
+

Latest revision as of 20:36, 6 December 2018

Amiloride is a drug used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). It is a "potassium-sparing" diuretic that acts by blocking Enac (epithelial sodium channel) inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium by the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts within the kidneys. By doing this it promotes the excretion of sodium and water from the bloodstream, thereby reducing blood pressure[1].

Its chemical structure is detailed below:

  This details the chemical structure of amiloride [2]

Adverse side effects of the drug (amiloride hydrochloride) can become as severe as hyperkalemia, which can lead to cardiac arythmias. Should be given with caution to patients with impaired renal function, diabetes mellitus or the elderly. Amiloride's inhibition of Na+ in the distal tubule also results in reduced electrical potenial across the membrane which in turn leads to inhibition of passive K+ secretion[3].

References:

  1. http://www.pharmgkb.org/views/index.jsp?objId=PA448368#tabview=tab1
  2. http://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/2009/images/CLK0081C001.gif
  3. http://www.inchem.org/documents/pims/pharm/pim026.htm
 
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox