Anabolic steroids

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 An anabolic steroid is a compound belonging to the androgen family that leads to the development of muscle mass. In humans, testosterone is the most common anabolic steroid  [1]
  1. Berg J, Tymoczko J, Stryer L. (2012) Biochemistry, Seventh edition, New York: WH Freeman
 Testosterone is produces in the testes of males, and in small amounts in the ovaries of females. 

Due to it's properties as a muscle builder, synthetic anabolic steroids are sometimes taken by athletes who are aiming for muscular hypertrophy. Even in small doses this can have side effects. Side effects seen in males include; testicular atrophy, hair growth and mood swings. As well as this, the body often stops secreting as much testosterone naturally.

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