Axon

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Axons are part of the specialised neuron cell that transmit electrical signals from the cell body to the axon terminal leading to the synapse, where the electrical signal turns into a chemical signal. The network of axons and dendrites allows complex signal pathways to occur simultaneously, together or independently. Microtubles fill the interior of the axon with the minus end at the cell body and the plus end at the axon terminals. The microtubles allow key protein structures, vesicles and mRNAs to be transported to the synaptic cleft. Just beneath the plasma membrane of the axon lies actin filaments which provide mechanical strength and transport mechanism to the cytoskeleton [1][2].

References

  1. Molecular Biology of the Cell Alberts et al Fifth Edition page 1047-1048
  2. Molecular Biology of the Cell Alberts et al,. 5th Edition. Page 1047-1048
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