Bacterial genetics

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Bacterial [[Genetics|genetics]] entails the study of [[Bacteria|bacterial]] [[Genome|genome]] and various modifications and interference to the natural bacterial genetic make-up. Bacteria have proved to be an essential part of modern genetics and have allowed researchers to understand various mechanisms that occur in human genetics, using bacteria as a model. An example of which would be an insight into how [[Gene|gene]] [[Transcription|transcription]] is controlled (how genes are turned on and off/ expressed in varying levels) using the [[Lac operon|Lac Operon]] as a model. Bacteria used in bacterial genetics are generally haplpoid organisms, i.e. one copy of an allele which produces an immediate effect on a phenotype. In most cases plasmids are used to transfer genes from donor to recipient, which can replicate independently.
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Bacterial [[Genetics|genetics]] entails the study of [[Bacteria|bacterial]] [[Genome|genome]] and various modifications and interference to the natural bacterial genetic make-up. Bacteria have proved to be an essential part of modern genetics and have allowed researchers to understand various mechanisms that occur in human genetics, using bacteria as a model. An example of which would be an insight into how [[Gene|gene]] [[Transcription|transcription]] is controlled (how genes are turned on and off/ expressed in varying levels) using the [[Lac operon|Lac Operon]] as a model. Bacteria used in bacterial genetics are generally haplpoid organisms, i.e. one copy of an allele which produces an immediate effect on a phenotype. In most cases[[Plasmids|plasmids]] are used to transfer genes from donor to recipient, which can replicate independently.

Revision as of 15:10, 21 October 2015

Bacterial genetics entails the study of bacterial genome and various modifications and interference to the natural bacterial genetic make-up. Bacteria have proved to be an essential part of modern genetics and have allowed researchers to understand various mechanisms that occur in human genetics, using bacteria as a model. An example of which would be an insight into how gene transcription is controlled (how genes are turned on and off/ expressed in varying levels) using the Lac Operon as a model. Bacteria used in bacterial genetics are generally haplpoid organisms, i.e. one copy of an allele which produces an immediate effect on a phenotype. In most casesplasmids are used to transfer genes from donor to recipient, which can replicate independently.

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