Barr bodies

From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki
Revision as of 16:58, 2 December 2015 by 150652320 (Talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search

A barr body[1] is an inactive X chromosome in female cells or the inactive Z in a male. Lyonization is the process where the chromosome is inactivated in species. In addition to this, it is thought to be down to complete chance as to which X chromosome is inactivated and it is still unknown to till date as to how the cell decides which X chromosome is to be made into a Barr body.

In men and women with more than one X chromosome, the number of Barr bodies visible at interphase is always one less than the total number of X chromosomes.

For example, a person with Klinefelters syndrome, which is characterized by 47 chromosomes and XXY karyotype will have two Barr bodies, whereas an individual with Turners syndrome has 45 chromosomes and karyotype XO does not have any Barr bodies[2].


  1. Barr body September 3, 2014.
  2. Sloane.E, The Biology of Women, 4th Edition, Cengage Learning, 2002, pages 133
Personal tools