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The Beta-oxitdation pathway is a process by which glycerol is broken down into glycerides and fatty acids. This catabolic reaction generates acetyl CoA which is further used in the citric acid (TCA) cycle in the production of ATP. The number of cycles within this process depends on the length of the fatty acid chain. 2 carbons are repeatedly cut off and attached to CoA to form acetyl CoA. FAD and NAD+  pick up hydrogen as the bonds are broken, they then transfer the high energy electrons to the TCA cycle for ATP production [1]


  1. Jeff Hardin, Gregory Bertoni, Lewis J. Kleinsmith, 2011, Becker’s World of the Cell, page 265, 8th Edition, Pearson

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