Blood group systems

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'''Blood group''' (or '''blood type''') is a term used to clasify blood based on the presence or absence of a specific antigen on red blood cells surface. According to the International Society of Blood Transfusion, there are about 30 human blood group systems recognized so far<ref>http://ibgrl.blood.co.uk/isbt%20pages/isbt%20terminology%20pages/table%20of%20blood%20group%20systems.htm, Table of blood group systems, ISBT (August 2008). Retrieved on 15 November 2010.</ref>.<br>
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'''Blood group''' (or '''blood type''') is a term used to clasify blood based on the presence or absence of a specific antigen on red blood cells surface. According to the International Society of Blood Transfusion, there are about 30 human blood group systems recognized so far<ref>Table of blood group systems, ISBT (August 2008). Retrieved on 15 November 2010.</ref>.<br>  
  
 
== ABO blood group system<br>  ==
 
== ABO blood group system<br>  ==
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The most common blood group system being used nowadays is ABO blood group system. In this system, there are 4 classification of blood types. They are group A, B, AB and O. These groups are classified according to the presence or absence of ABO antigen. <br>  
 
The most common blood group system being used nowadays is ABO blood group system. In this system, there are 4 classification of blood types. They are group A, B, AB and O. These groups are classified according to the presence or absence of ABO antigen. <br>  
  
'''<br>'''
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'''<br>'''  
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" style="width: 451px; height: 140px;"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" style="width: 451px; height: 140px;"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Blood group'''
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| '''Blood group'''  
| '''Antigen(s) present on erythrocytes'''
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| '''Antigen(s) present on erythrocytes'''  
| '''Antibodies present in plasma'''
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| '''Antibodies present in plasma'''  
 
| '''Genotype(s)'''
 
| '''Genotype(s)'''
 
|-
 
|-
| A
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| A  
| A antigen
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| A antigen  
| Anti-B
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| Anti-B  
 
| AA or AO
 
| AA or AO
 
|-
 
|-
| B
+
| B  
| B antigen
+
| B antigen  
| Anti-A
+
| Anti-A  
 
| BB or BO
 
| BB or BO
 
|-
 
|-
| AB
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| AB  
| A and B antigens
+
| A and B antigens  
| none
+
| none  
 
| AB
 
| AB
 
|-
 
|-
| O
+
| O  
| none
+
| none  
| Anti-A and B
+
| Anti-A and B  
 
| OO
 
| OO
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Rh blood group system<br> ==
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== Rh blood group system<br> ==
  
Rh blood group system is the second most important system in determining blood groups. It is based on the presence or absence of D antigen on the red blood cells surface.
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Rh blood group system is the second most important system in determining blood groups. It is based on the presence or absence of D antigen on the red blood cells surface.  
  
== See also<br> ==
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== See also<br> ==
  
 
*[[Blood]]
 
*[[Blood]]
  
== References<br> ==
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== References<br> ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
== External links<br> ==
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== External links<br> ==
  
 
*[http://ibgrl.blood.co.uk/isbt%20pages/isbt%20terminology%20pages/table%20of%20blood%20group%20systems.htm Table of blood group systems]<br>
 
*[http://ibgrl.blood.co.uk/isbt%20pages/isbt%20terminology%20pages/table%20of%20blood%20group%20systems.htm Table of blood group systems]<br>
  
 
<br>
 
<br>

Revision as of 18:08, 15 November 2010

Blood group (or blood type) is a term used to clasify blood based on the presence or absence of a specific antigen on red blood cells surface. According to the International Society of Blood Transfusion, there are about 30 human blood group systems recognized so far[1].

Contents

ABO blood group system

The most common blood group system being used nowadays is ABO blood group system. In this system, there are 4 classification of blood types. They are group A, B, AB and O. These groups are classified according to the presence or absence of ABO antigen.


Blood group Antigen(s) present on erythrocytes Antibodies present in plasma Genotype(s)
A A antigen Anti-B AA or AO
B B antigen Anti-A BB or BO
AB A and B antigens none AB
O none Anti-A and B OO

Rh blood group system

Rh blood group system is the second most important system in determining blood groups. It is based on the presence or absence of D antigen on the red blood cells surface.

See also

References

  1. Table of blood group systems, ISBT (August 2008). Retrieved on 15 November 2010.

External links


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