Blood group systems

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Blood group (or blood type) is a term used to clasify blood based on the presence or absence of a specific antigen on red blood cells surface. According to the International Society of Blood Transfusion, there are about 30 human blood group systems recognized so far[1].

Contents

ABO blood group system

The most common blood group system being used nowadays is ABO blood group system. In this system, there are 4 classification of blood types. They are group A, B, AB and O. These groups are classified according to the presence or absence of ABO antigen.


Phenotype
A
B
AB
O
Genotype
AA or AO
BB or BO
AB
OO


Rh blood group system

Rh blood group system is the second most important system in determining blood groups. It is based on the presence or absence of D antigen on the red blood cells surface.

See also

References

  1. http://ibgrl.blood.co.uk/isbt%20pages/isbt%20terminology%20pages/table%20of%20blood%20group%20systems.htm, Table of blood group systems, ISBT (August 2008). Retrieved on 15 November 2010.

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