Cardiomyopathy

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Overview
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Cardiomyopathy is an umbrella term for a group of diseases that effect the [[cardiac muscle|cardiac muscle]], in which the walls of the [[heart|heart]] chamber(s) become stretched, thickened or stiff. Cardiomyopathy affects the structure of the heart and consequently negatively impacts its ability to pump [[blood|blood]] efficiently. Major symptoms include but are not limited to sudden [[cardiac arrest|cardiac arrest]], swelling of legs and feet, arrhythmia, dyspnea, fatigue and syncope. Common Cardiomyopathies include [[hypertrophic cardiomyopathy|hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]] (HCM) and [[dilated cardiomyopathy|dilated cardiomyopathy]] (DCM). Others include [[restrictive cardiomyopathy|restrictive cardiomyopathy]], [[arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia|arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia]] and [[takotsubo cardiomyopathy|takotsubo cardiomyopathy]]. Cardiomyopathy tends to run in families and some types of Cardiomyopathy are largely genetic such as DCM. In the USA half of the 750,000 cases of DCM are familial<ref>https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cardiomyopathy/</ref><ref>https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy</ref><ref>https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/cardiomyopathy</ref><ref>https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy#synonyms</ref>.
  
Cardiomyopathy&nbsp;is an umbrella term for&nbsp;a group of diseases that effect the&nbsp;cardiac muscle, in which the walls of the heart chamber(s) become stretched, thickened or stiff. Cardiomyopathy effects the structure&nbsp;of the heart and&nbsp;consequently&nbsp;negatively impacts&nbsp;it's ability to pump blood&nbsp;efficiently.&nbsp;Major symptoms include but are not limited to sudden cardiac arrest, swelling of legs and feet, arrhythmia, dyspnea, fatigue and syncope. Common Cardiomyopathies include hyper trophic&nbsp;cardiomyopathy&nbsp;(HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Others include restrictive cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy tends to run in families and&nbsp;some types of Cardiomyopathy are largely genetic&nbsp;such as DCM. In the USA half of 750,000 cases of DCM are familial.
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=== References  ===
  
References
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<references />
 
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[https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cardiomyopathy/ https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cardiomyopathy/]
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https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy
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[https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/cardiomyopathy https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/cardiomyopathy]
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[https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy#synonyms https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy#synonyms]
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Latest revision as of 09:26, 8 December 2018

Cardiomyopathy is an umbrella term for a group of diseases that effect the cardiac muscle, in which the walls of the heart chamber(s) become stretched, thickened or stiff. Cardiomyopathy affects the structure of the heart and consequently negatively impacts its ability to pump blood efficiently. Major symptoms include but are not limited to sudden cardiac arrest, swelling of legs and feet, arrhythmia, dyspnea, fatigue and syncope. Common Cardiomyopathies include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Others include restrictive cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy tends to run in families and some types of Cardiomyopathy are largely genetic such as DCM. In the USA half of the 750,000 cases of DCM are familial[1][2][3][4].

References

  1. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cardiomyopathy/
  2. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy
  3. https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/cardiomyopathy
  4. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy#synonyms
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