Cartilage

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There are three forms of cartilage found in the human body; hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage and elastic cartilage.<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>&nbsp;Cartilage consits of [[Chondroblasts cells|chondroblasts cells]] and chondrocytes cells within a matrix which they secrete.<ref>Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 81</ref>&nbsp;Chondroblast cells mature into chondrocytes  
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There are three forms of cartilage found in the human body; hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage and elastic cartilage<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>. Cartilage consists of [[Chondroblasts cells|chondroblasts cells]] and chondrocytes cells within a matrix which they secrete<ref>Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 81</ref>. Chondroblast cells mature into chondrocytes  
  
 
=== Hyaline Cartilage  ===
 
=== Hyaline Cartilage  ===
  
Hyaline cartilage has a glassy appearance and is found in the ribs, nose and trachea.<ref>Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 82</ref>&nbsp;Hyaline cartilage matrix mainly contains collagen type ll and aggrecan which add strength to the cartilage.<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref><ref>Doege KJ1, Sasaki M, Kimura T, Yamada Y.(1991) J Biol Chem: Complete coding sequence and deduced primary structure of the human cartilage large aggregating proteoglycan, aggrecan. Human-specific repeats, and additional alternatively spliced forms.266(2):894-902</ref>
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Hyaline cartilage has a glassy appearance and is found in the ribs, nose and trachea<ref>Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 82</ref>. Hyaline cartilage matrix mainly contains collagen type ll and aggrecan which add strength to the cartilage<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref><ref>Doege KJ1, Sasaki M, Kimura T, Yamada Y.(1991) J Biol Chem: Complete coding sequence and deduced the primary structure of the human cartilage large aggregating proteoglycan, aggrecan. Human-specific repeats, and additional alternatively spliced forms.266(2):894-902</ref>.
  
 
=== Fibrocartilage  ===
 
=== Fibrocartilage  ===
  
Fibrocartilage is opaque white in appearance.<ref>Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 83</ref>&nbsp;It consists of layers of alternating hyaline cartilage and collagen fibres.<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>&nbsp;Fibrocartilage is found in invertebal disks and ligamnets.<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>  
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Fibrocartilage is opaque white in appearance<ref>Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 83</ref>. It consists of layers of alternating hyaline cartilage and collagen fibres<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>. Fibrocartilage is found in invertebral disks and ligamnets<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>.
  
 
=== Elastic Cartilage  ===
 
=== Elastic Cartilage  ===
  
Elastic cartilage is yellow in appearance and is found in the external ear, larynx and epiglottis.<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>&nbsp;Elastic cartilage occurs in sites that have vibrational functions, such as laryngeal sound wave production and collection of sound waves in the ear.<ref>↑ Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 84</ref>  
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Elastic cartilage is yellow in appearance and is found in the external ear, larynx and epiglottis<ref>University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)</ref>. Elastic cartilage occurs in sites that have vibrational functions, such as laryngeal sound wave production and collection of sound waves in the ear<ref>↑ Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 84</ref>.
  
 
=== References&nbsp;  ===
 
=== References&nbsp;  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />

Latest revision as of 11:10, 30 October 2018

There are three forms of cartilage found in the human body; hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage and elastic cartilage[1]. Cartilage consists of chondroblasts cells and chondrocytes cells within a matrix which they secrete[2]. Chondroblast cells mature into chondrocytes

Contents

Hyaline Cartilage

Hyaline cartilage has a glassy appearance and is found in the ribs, nose and trachea[3]. Hyaline cartilage matrix mainly contains collagen type ll and aggrecan which add strength to the cartilage[4][5].

Fibrocartilage

Fibrocartilage is opaque white in appearance[6]. It consists of layers of alternating hyaline cartilage and collagen fibres[7]. Fibrocartilage is found in invertebral disks and ligamnets[8].

Elastic Cartilage

Elastic cartilage is yellow in appearance and is found in the external ear, larynx and epiglottis[9]. Elastic cartilage occurs in sites that have vibrational functions, such as laryngeal sound wave production and collection of sound waves in the ear[10].

References 

  1. University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)
  2. Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 81
  3. Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 82
  4. University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)
  5. Doege KJ1, Sasaki M, Kimura T, Yamada Y.(1991) J Biol Chem: Complete coding sequence and deduced the primary structure of the human cartilage large aggregating proteoglycan, aggrecan. Human-specific repeats, and additional alternatively spliced forms.266(2):894-902
  6. Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 83
  7. University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)
  8. University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)
  9. University of Leeds Cartilage: The three types of cartilage. Available at: http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/bone/cartilage_types.php (last accessed 27/10/2014)
  10. ↑ Standring S (ed) Gray's Anatomy (2008) 40th edition, Elsevier. pg 84
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