Chemotherapy

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=  Chemotherapy =
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Chemotherapy is one method which is used to treat cancer. It can be administered either orally, through injection or [[Intravenously|intravenously]]. &nbsp;It uses [[Cytotoxic|cytotoxic]] drugs which kill cancerous and some uncancerous cells also. Nitrogen mustard was the first chemotherapy drug introduced into cancer treatment in 1946 - it was soon howeve repleced with better alternatives such as 6-mercaptopurine.&nbsp;<ref name="1">Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.</ref><ref>Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120</ref>
  
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Chemotherapy is one method which is used to treat cancer. It can be administered either orally, through injection or [[intravenously|intravenously]]. &nbsp;It uses [[cytotoxic|cytotoxic]] drugs which kill cancerous and some uncancerous cells also. Nitrogen mustard was the first chemotherapy drug introduced into cancer treatment in 1946 - it was soon howeve repleced with better alternatives such as 6-mercaptopurine.&nbsp;<ref name="1">Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.</ref><ref>Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120</ref>
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Chemotheraphy drugs target, [[DNA replication|DNA replication]]; Damage the mechanism of cell divisions; block the pathways involved with cell growth. Some treatment programs use just one drug - although it has been found that using a combination of many different drugs can be more effective. <ref>Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120</ref>&nbsp;The types of cancers that usually respond the best to chemotherapy treatments are [[Leukaemia|leukaemias]] and lymphomas, whereas melanomas an cancers which are specific to certain organs generally respond quite poorly.<ref>Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.</ref>  
  
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== Symptoms  ==
  
Chemotheraphy drugs target, [[DNA_replication|DNA replication]]; Damage the mechanism of cell divisions; block the pathways involved with cell growth. Some treatment programs use just one drug - although it has been found that using a combination of many different drugs can be more effective. <ref>Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120</ref>&nbsp;The types of cancers that usually respond the best to chemotherapy treatments are [[leukaemia|leukaemia]]s and lymphomas, whereas melanomas an cancers which are specific to certain organs generally respond quite poorly.<ref>Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.</ref>
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Because chemotheraphy kills so many cells it can leave the patient feeling very ill. Often as a result of chemotheraphy they can loose their hair, along with the feeling of being nauseous and fatigued all the time.&nbsp;<ref>Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.</ref>&nbsp;<ref>Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120</ref>  
  
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== Symptoms ==
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=== References  ===
  
Because chemotheraphy kills so many cells it can leave the patient feeling very ill. Often as a result of chemotheraphy they can loose their hair, along with the feeling of being nauseous and fatigued all the time.&nbsp;<ref>Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.</ref>&nbsp;<ref>Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120</ref>
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Revision as of 12:25, 23 October 2012

 Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is one method which is used to treat cancer. It can be administered either orally, through injection or intravenously.  It uses cytotoxic drugs which kill cancerous and some uncancerous cells also. Nitrogen mustard was the first chemotherapy drug introduced into cancer treatment in 1946 - it was soon howeve repleced with better alternatives such as 6-mercaptopurine. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name cannot be a simple integer. Use a descriptive title[1]


Chemotheraphy drugs target, DNA replication; Damage the mechanism of cell divisions; block the pathways involved with cell growth. Some treatment programs use just one drug - although it has been found that using a combination of many different drugs can be more effective. [2] The types of cancers that usually respond the best to chemotherapy treatments are leukaemias and lymphomas, whereas melanomas an cancers which are specific to certain organs generally respond quite poorly.[3]


Symptoms

Because chemotheraphy kills so many cells it can leave the patient feeling very ill. Often as a result of chemotheraphy they can loose their hair, along with the feeling of being nauseous and fatigued all the time. [4] [5]



References

  1. Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120
  2. Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120
  3. Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.
  4. Roger J. King, Mike W. Robins (2006). Cancer Biology. 3rd ed. Essex: Pearson. p230-62.
  5. Jeffeey Tobias and Daniel Hochhauser (2006). Cancer and its Management. 6th ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell. p77-120


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