Chlorophyll is a green compound which is found in leaves and green stems of plants. Its main function in the plant is to absorb sunlight and use its energy to synthesise carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water. This process is known as photosynthesis.
Their are two main types of chlorophyll A and B. The main chemical structure constituent of chlorophyll is the porphyrin ring, which allows it to carry out its main function to assist in energy transduction of sunlight to energy in the form of ATP. This is done by the porphyrin ring accepting and donating electrons as part of the electron transport chain.
- ↑ http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/chlorophyll/chlorophyll_h.htm. Paul May. School of Chemistry, University of Bristol