Cilia

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Cilia (singular: Cilium) are cylindrical organelles[1], built from microtubules, in a “9 + 2” arrangement[2], and dyneins. They are motile structures whereby the beating of cilia creates movement. Cilia are involved in mucociliary clearance in which bacteria, mucus and dust are swept up the respiratory tract into the mouth and eliminated. Furthermore, by the beating of cilia, single cells are able to propel through fluid[3]. The movement of cilia is caused by axoneme.
  1. Lynn H. (2008) The Ciliated Protozoa Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literature, New York: Springer
  2. Lynn H. (2008) The Ciliated Protozoa Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literature, New York: Springer
  3. Alberts, Bruce et al. (2008). Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science. (Page 1031)

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