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Cirrhosis is a medical condition caused by long-term damage to the liver. It is characterised by the abnormal structure and function of the liver. The damage caused leads to the formation of scar tissue and the smooth liver tissue becomes harder. Build up of scar tissue can interfere with blood flow to the liver cells, this leads to the loss of function and eventually liver failure. However, it usually takes a very long time to reach this stage and treatment and intervention can help prevent this.



Several of the most common causes of cirrhosis include:


The earliest symptoms occur when scar tissue formation first begins these can include :

As the build-up of liver disease continues, the following symptoms may occur:


There's currently no cure for cirrhosis. But it's possible to manage the symptoms and slow its progression. Using anti-viral medication to treat a hepatitis C infection can stop cirrhosis getting worse. If your liver is severely scarred, it can stop functioning. In this case, a liver transplant is the only treatment option[1][2].


  1. Cirrhosis [Internet]. 2017 [cited 5 December 2017]. Available from:
  2. Cirrhosis of the liver - British Liver Trust [Internet]. British Liver Trust. 2017 [cited 5 December 2017]. Available from:
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