Crohn's disease

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Crohn's disease is one form of an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is a disease in which the immune system attacks the microbiota of the gut, causing inflammation [1]. The exact cause of the disease is not fully understood, but it is believed to be linked to both genetic and environmental factors [2]. Chrohn's disease can affect any part of the GI tract but the most common symptoms are chronic diarrhoea, abdominal pain and blood and mucus in the stools[3].


  1. Murphy K, Weaver C. Janeway's Immunobiology.9th Edition. Garland Science, Taylor and Francis Group. New York and London. 2016.
  2. US Department of Health and Human Services. Crohn's Disease. 2017 [cited from 22.10.17]. Available from:
  3. Ha, Francis, and Hanan Khalil. “Crohn’s Disease: A Clinical Update.” Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology 8.6 (2015): 352–359.

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