Cyanobacteria

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Cyanobacteria are prokaryotes that encompass a wide range of photosynthesing bacteria, which as the name suggests belong to the domain of bacteria[1].

Cyanobacteria are regarded as critical in the formation of the atmosphere that we have today, even though they were not the first organisms capable of photosynthesis. Some have a vital role within ecology, for example Heterocysts which produce enzymes capable of fixing Nitrogen. Other species can be endosymbiotic and some are known to produce toxins know as cyanotoxins[2].

References

  1. A Biology of the Algae, Sze, 3ed, McGraw-Hill, 1998, New York
  2. Microbiology, Prescott et al, 6ed, McGraw-Hill, 2005, New York
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