Deoxyribose sugar

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Deoxyribose is a 5-sugar ring, with a similar composition as that of [[Ribose|ribose]]. The main difference in composition between the two lies in the lack of [[Hydroxyl group|hydroxyl]] (OH<sup>-</sup>) and introduction of a [[Hydrogen|hydrogen]] [[Atom|atom]] that takes its place on the second [[Carbon|carbon]] atom.  
 
Deoxyribose is a 5-sugar ring, with a similar composition as that of [[Ribose|ribose]]. The main difference in composition between the two lies in the lack of [[Hydroxyl group|hydroxyl]] (OH<sup>-</sup>) and introduction of a [[Hydrogen|hydrogen]] [[Atom|atom]] that takes its place on the second [[Carbon|carbon]] atom.  
  
The deoxyribose sugar featured in [[DNA|DNA]] boasts a composition of 5 carbons and 3 oxygens and&nbsp;makes&nbsp;up the sugar-phosphate backbone which helps to hold the [[Purine|purines]] and [[Pyrimidine|pyrimidines]] (linked by [[Hydrogen bonds|hydrogen bonds]]) in the DNA double helix shape<ref>Hallick, Richard, B. Introduction to DNA Structure. 1995. Introduction to DNA Structure. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.blc.arizona.edu/Molecular_Graphics/DNA_Structure/DNA_Tutorial.HTML. [Accessed 01 December 2011].</ref><ref>Luvkar, Vipul, Ribose Vs Deoxyribose. 2011. Ribose Vs Deoxyribose. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ribose-vs-deoxyribose.html. [Accessed 01 December 2011].</ref>.<br>  
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The deoxyribose sugar featured in [[DNA|DNA]] boasts a composition of 5 carbons and 3 [[oxygen|oxygens]] and&nbsp;makes&nbsp;up the [[Sugar-phosphate_backbone|sugar-phosphate backbone]] which helps to hold the [[Purine|purines]] and [[Pyrimidine|pyrimidines]] (linked by [[Hydrogen bonds|hydrogen bonds]]) in the DNA double helix shape<ref>Hallick, Richard, B. Introduction to DNA Structure. 1995. Introduction to DNA Structure. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.blc.arizona.edu/Molecular_Graphics/DNA_Structure/DNA_Tutorial.HTML. [Accessed 01 December 2011].</ref><ref>Luvkar, Vipul, Ribose Vs Deoxyribose. 2011. Ribose Vs Deoxyribose. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ribose-vs-deoxyribose.html. [Accessed 01 December 2011].</ref>.<br>  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Latest revision as of 11:37, 3 December 2018

Deoxyribose is a 5-sugar ring, with a similar composition as that of ribose. The main difference in composition between the two lies in the lack of hydroxyl (OH-) and introduction of a hydrogen atom that takes its place on the second carbon atom.

The deoxyribose sugar featured in DNA boasts a composition of 5 carbons and 3 oxygens and makes up the sugar-phosphate backbone which helps to hold the purines and pyrimidines (linked by hydrogen bonds) in the DNA double helix shape[1][2].

References

  1. Hallick, Richard, B. Introduction to DNA Structure. 1995. Introduction to DNA Structure. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.blc.arizona.edu/Molecular_Graphics/DNA_Structure/DNA_Tutorial.HTML. [Accessed 01 December 2011].
  2. Luvkar, Vipul, Ribose Vs Deoxyribose. 2011. Ribose Vs Deoxyribose. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ribose-vs-deoxyribose.html. [Accessed 01 December 2011].
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