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Ebola virus is an aggressive pathogen that causes a highly lethal hemorrhagic fever syndrome in humans and nonhuman primates[1], and was firstly discovered in Zaire (now called The DRC) in 1976[2].

There are many strains of viruses from the genus of Ebola virus that cause the disease but only 4 of them are known to cause the disease in humans. These strains are:

Since its discovery, there have been many outbreaks in the African region and scientists have been unable to pinpoint the exact origin of the virus but due to the virus characteristics, it is strongly believed to be animal-borne, with bats being the primary vector.

The virus is spread via contact with bodily fluids of an infected individual[3].


  1. J.Virol. 2003 Sep;77(18).9733-9737
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC224575
  3. https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html
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