There are many strains of viruses from the genus of Ebola virus that cause the disease but only 4 of them are known to cause the disease in humans. These strains are:
- Taï Forest, and
- Bundibugyo strains.
Since its discovery, there have been many outbreaks in the African region and scientists have been unable to pinpoint the exact origin of the virus but due to the virus characteristics, it is strongly believed to be animal-borne, with bats being the primary vector.
The virus is spread via contact with bodily fluids of an infected individual.
- ↑ J.Virol. 2003 Sep;77(18).9733-9737
- ↑ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC224575
- ↑ https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html