Element

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In chemical terms, a single element is composed of only one type&nbsp;of atom, and cannot be broken down any further into its sub-atomic parts. All the types of elements we are aware of are ordered by their atomic number in the periodic table; this can help to demonstrate trends of elements with similar chemical properties also in their group (a<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1322160055801_651" /> vertical column) or period (a horizontal row).
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In chemical terms, a single element is composed of only one type of [[Atom|atom]], and cannot be broken down any further into its [[sub-atomic|sub-atomic]] parts. Elements are characterised by the number of [[protons|protons]] that are contained within the nucleus of the atom; thus if two atomic nuclei have the same number of protons they are the same element. All the types of elements we are aware of are ordered by their [[Atomic number|atomic number]] in the [[Periodic table|periodic table]]; this can help to demonstrate trends of elements with similar chemical properties also in their group (a vertical column) or period (a horizontal row). The [[atomic number|atomic number]] explains the number of protons and therefore the positive charge in the nucleus. The periodic table also shows the relative [[atomic mass|atomic mass]], which is most importantly used to calculate [[moles|moles]] of that element.  
  
An example of an extremely abundant element is hydrogen (H). Hydrogen is the first element in the periodic table, with one electron and one proton in its nucleus; however, it contains no neutrons. This means that its electronic configuration is 1s<sup>1</sup>.
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An example of an extremely abundant element is [[Hydrogen|hydrogen]] (H). Hydrogen is the first element in the [[Periodic table|periodic table]], with one [[Electron|electron]] and one [[Proton|proton]] in its nucleus; however, it contains no [[Neutrons|neutrons]]. This means that its electronic configuration is 1s<sup>1</sup>.

Latest revision as of 06:57, 23 October 2017

In chemical terms, a single element is composed of only one type of atom, and cannot be broken down any further into its sub-atomic parts. Elements are characterised by the number of protons that are contained within the nucleus of the atom; thus if two atomic nuclei have the same number of protons they are the same element. All the types of elements we are aware of are ordered by their atomic number in the periodic table; this can help to demonstrate trends of elements with similar chemical properties also in their group (a vertical column) or period (a horizontal row). The atomic number explains the number of protons and therefore the positive charge in the nucleus. The periodic table also shows the relative atomic mass, which is most importantly used to calculate moles of that element.

An example of an extremely abundant element is hydrogen (H). Hydrogen is the first element in the periodic table, with one electron and one proton in its nucleus; however, it contains no neutrons. This means that its electronic configuration is 1s1.

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