Glycine

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Glycine is one of the 20 [[Amino acids|amino acids]].&nbsp; It's three letter code is Gly, and it's [[Single letter amino acid codes|single letter code]]&nbsp;is G.&nbsp;It is the simplest [[Amino acids|amino acid]], with a [[Hydrogen|hydrogen]] atom&nbsp;as a side chain&nbsp;- this means glycine is the only [[Amino acids|amino acid]] which does not have a chiral [[Carbon|carbon]] [[Atom|atom]]&nbsp;<ref name="Glycine">Priv.-Doz. B. Kirste. (01-23-1998). Glycine. Available: http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/chemistry/bio/aminoacid/glycin_en.html. Last accessed 23-11-2010.</ref>.  
 
Glycine is one of the 20 [[Amino acids|amino acids]].&nbsp; It's three letter code is Gly, and it's [[Single letter amino acid codes|single letter code]]&nbsp;is G.&nbsp;It is the simplest [[Amino acids|amino acid]], with a [[Hydrogen|hydrogen]] atom&nbsp;as a side chain&nbsp;- this means glycine is the only [[Amino acids|amino acid]] which does not have a chiral [[Carbon|carbon]] [[Atom|atom]]&nbsp;<ref name="Glycine">Priv.-Doz. B. Kirste. (01-23-1998). Glycine. Available: http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/chemistry/bio/aminoacid/glycin_en.html. Last accessed 23-11-2010.</ref>.  
  
Glycine has a function outside of the [[Cell|cell]]. It is a [[Neurotransmitter|neurotransmitter]] at nerve cells. Its function lies at chemical synapses where its role as a [[Neurotransmitter|neurotransmitter]] is to allow rapid signalling from cell to [[Cell|cell]]&nbsp;<ref>Molecular biology of the cell,4th edition, 2002, Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson , Julian Lewis, Martin Raff , Keith Roberts and Peter Walter. Page 764</ref>.
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Glycine has a function outside of the [[Cell|cell]]. It is a [[Neurotransmitter|neurotransmitter]] at nerve cells. Its function lies at chemical synapses where its role as a [[Neurotransmitter|neurotransmitter]] is to allow rapid signalling from cell to [[Cell|cell]]&nbsp;<ref>Molecular biology of the cell,4th edition, 2002, Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson , Julian Lewis, Martin Raff , Keith Roberts and Peter Walter. Page 764</ref>.
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Glycine has two hydrogens attatched to the alpha carbon and is found in flexible areas of proteins due to its short side chain.  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Revision as of 22:52, 1 December 2011

Glycine is one of the 20 amino acids.  It's three letter code is Gly, and it's single letter code is G. It is the simplest amino acid, with a hydrogen atom as a side chain - this means glycine is the only amino acid which does not have a chiral carbon atom [1].

Glycine has a function outside of the cell. It is a neurotransmitter at nerve cells. Its function lies at chemical synapses where its role as a neurotransmitter is to allow rapid signalling from cell to cell [2].


Glycine has two hydrogens attatched to the alpha carbon and is found in flexible areas of proteins due to its short side chain.

References

  1. Priv.-Doz. B. Kirste. (01-23-1998). Glycine. Available: http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/chemistry/bio/aminoacid/glycin_en.html. Last accessed 23-11-2010.
  2. Molecular biology of the cell,4th edition, 2002, Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson , Julian Lewis, Martin Raff , Keith Roberts and Peter Walter. Page 764
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