Glycolysis is a process common to virtually all cells. The word is derived from the greek "Glykos" meaning sweet and "lysis" meaning splitting. Glycolysis is a sequence of reactions that takes one molecule of glucose and metabolises this to two molecules of Pyruvate, there is also a net production of two ATP from this process. Glycolysis does not require oxygen as the process is anaerobic. This makes glycolysis an important part of anaerobic respiration.
- ↑ Berg, J.M. et al (2012). Biochemistry. 7th edition. United States of America: W. H. Freeman and Company. pages 469-471.