# Goldman equation

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 Revision as of 15:32, 15 November 2010 (view source)← Older edit Revision as of 18:24, 15 November 2010 (view source)Nnjm2 (Talk | contribs) Newer edit → Line 4: Line 4: The Goldman equation can be expressed as follows:
The Goldman equation can be expressed as follows:
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where
where
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Em is the potential difference of an ion between membranes Em is the potential difference of an ion between membranes Line 41: Line 35: == References
== == References
== − == External Links == + == External Links == *[http://www.nernstgoldman.physiology.arizona.edu/ The Nernst/Goldman Equation Simulator] *[http://www.nernstgoldman.physiology.arizona.edu/ The Nernst/Goldman Equation Simulator]

## Revision as of 18:24, 15 November 2010

Goldman equation is an equation used to calculate the electrical equilibium potential across the cell's membrane in the presence of more than one ions taking into account the selectivity of membrane's permeability. It is derived from the Nernst equation.

## Equation

The Goldman equation can be expressed as follows:

or

where

Em is the potential difference of an ion between membranes

R is the universal gas constant; R = 8.314471 J mol-1

T is the thermodynamics temperature, in Kelvin; 0 K = -273.15oC

z is the number of moles of electrons transferred between membranes (defined by the valency of ion)

F is the Faraday's constant; F = 96,485.3415 C mol-1

PA or B is the permeability of the membrane to a particular ion (A or B)

[A or B]o is the concentration of ion outside the membrane

[A or B]i is the concentration of ion inside the membrane