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Gout is a form of arthritis whereby small crystals of urate (uric acid) form around joints causing swelling and pain. Urate is a purine found in our bodies and in our diet, notably in shellfish, red meat, offal and certain alcohols, namely Beer and Stout. Consumption of alcohol also causes dehydration, which can exacerbate the formation of crystals[1].

Gout occurs when too much urate accumulates in the body, either through the body producing too much, or not enough being filtered out through the kidneys[2].

Gout is treated with urate lowering drugs such as allopurinol or febuxostat or corticosteroids[3].

  1. https://www.arthritiscare.org.uk/what-is-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/54-gout
  2. https://www.arthritiscare.org.uk/what-is-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/54-gout
  3. https://www.arthritiscare.org.uk/what-is-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/54-gout
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