Heart attack

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A heart attack, or [[Myocardial_Infarction|myocardial infarction]] is the consequence of poor [[Blood|blood]] flow to the [[Heart|heart]], which means that the [[Muscle|muscle]] does not receive the amount of [[Oxygen|oxygen]] that it needs. This is commonly due to the blockage of one of the [[Coronary arteries|coronary arteries]] which supplies the heart muscle with blood. Lack of oxygen supply causes the muscles cells in the heart to be unable to preform [[Contraction|contractions]] needed to pump blood around the body. With the oxygen concentration in the cells decreasing the [[Electron transport chain|electron transport chain]] is holted, and therefore so is the production of [[ATP|ATP]]. ATP is a necessary component in the contraction and relaxation of [[Muscles|muscles]]. So with the absence of [[Oxygen|oxygen]] and in turn [[ATP|ATP]] the heart muscle dies.  
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A heart attack, or [[Myocardial Infarction|myocardial infarction]] is the consequence of poor [[Blood|blood]] flow to the [[Heart|heart]], which means that the [[Muscle|muscle]] does not receive the amount of [[Oxygen|oxygen]] that it needs. This is commonly due to the blockage of one of the [[Coronary arteries|coronary arteries]] which supplies the heart muscle with blood. Lack of oxygen supply causes the muscles cells in the heart to be unable to preform [[Contraction|contractions]] needed to pump blood around the body. With the oxygen concentration in the cells decreasing the [[Electron transport chain|electron transport chain]] is holted, and therefore so is the production of [[ATP|ATP]]. ATP is a necessary component in the contraction and relaxation of [[Muscles|muscles]]. So with the absence of [[Oxygen|oxygen]] and in turn [[ATP|ATP]] the heart muscle dies.  
  
 
== Symptoms  ==
 
== Symptoms  ==
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*shortness of breath  
 
*shortness of breath  
 
*feeling of weakness  
 
*feeling of weakness  
*fatigue
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*fatigue  
 
*chest pain
 
*chest pain
  
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Lifestyle choices can have a major contribution to the risk of myocardial infarction. Tobacco smoking, high alcohol consumption and a diet high in saturated fat all appear to increase the risk of heart attacks.  
 
Lifestyle choices can have a major contribution to the risk of myocardial infarction. Tobacco smoking, high alcohol consumption and a diet high in saturated fat all appear to increase the risk of heart attacks.  
  
Regular exercise and a balanced healthy diet low in saturated fat may help to reduce the risk of a heart attack.
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Regular exercise and a balanced healthy diet low in saturated fat may help to reduce the risk of a heart attack.
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 +
Aerobic exercise can improve one's functional ability and in some cases reduces symptom of heart diseases.

Latest revision as of 00:24, 28 November 2018

A heart attack, or myocardial infarction is the consequence of poor blood flow to the heart, which means that the muscle does not receive the amount of oxygen that it needs. This is commonly due to the blockage of one of the coronary arteries which supplies the heart muscle with blood. Lack of oxygen supply causes the muscles cells in the heart to be unable to preform contractions needed to pump blood around the body. With the oxygen concentration in the cells decreasing the electron transport chain is holted, and therefore so is the production of ATP. ATP is a necessary component in the contraction and relaxation of muscles. So with the absence of oxygen and in turn ATP the heart muscle dies.

Symptoms

Someone suffering a heart attack can often present with chest pain, but can also suffer from:

Prevention

Lifestyle choices can have a major contribution to the risk of myocardial infarction. Tobacco smoking, high alcohol consumption and a diet high in saturated fat all appear to increase the risk of heart attacks.

Regular exercise and a balanced healthy diet low in saturated fat may help to reduce the risk of a heart attack.

Aerobic exercise can improve one's functional ability and in some cases reduces symptom of heart diseases.

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