Homozygote

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Homozygote refers to a pair of identical [[Alleles|alleles]] of a [[Gene|gene]]. It means the [[organism|organism]] or the cell is having same allele for a gene. It can be homozygous [[Dominant|dominant]] or [[Homozygous recessive|homozygous recessive]]<ref>Alberts, B. et al., 2008, Molecular Biology of The Cell, 5th edition, Garland Science, New York. Pg. G:18.</ref>.  
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Homozygote refers to a pair of identical [[Alleles|alleles]] of a [[Gene|gene]]. It means the [[Organism|organism]] or the cell is having same allele for a gene. It can be homozygous [[Dominant|dominant]] or [[Homozygous recessive|homozygous recessive]]<ref>Alberts, B. et al., 2008, Molecular Biology of The Cell, 5th edition, Garland Science, New York. Pg. G:18.</ref>.  
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For example, for a certain gene, "A" represents the [[Dominant_allele|dominant allele]] and "a" represents the [[recessive allele|recessive allele]]. The combination of "AA" and "aa" will be a homozygote [[Allele|allele]] pair which represents [[homozygous dominant|homozygous dominant]] and [[Homozygous_recessive|homozygous recessive]] respectively. [[Homozygous_recessive|Homozygous recessive]] [[Genotype|genotypes]]&nbsp;are used in "[[test cross|test cross]]" for the analysis and determination of a unknown [[Genotype|genotype]].<ref>Robert, H., et Al., 2013, Practical Skills in Biomolecular Sciences, 4th edition, Gosport:Pearson Education Limited 2013.</ref>
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Latest revision as of 10:06, 27 November 2013

Homozygote refers to a pair of identical alleles of a gene. It means the organism or the cell is having same allele for a gene. It can be homozygous dominant or homozygous recessive[1].

For example, for a certain gene, "A" represents the dominant allele and "a" represents the recessive allele. The combination of "AA" and "aa" will be a homozygote allele pair which represents homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive respectively. Homozygous recessive genotypes are used in "test cross" for the analysis and determination of a unknown genotype.[2]

References

  1. Alberts, B. et al., 2008, Molecular Biology of The Cell, 5th edition, Garland Science, New York. Pg. G:18.
  2. Robert, H., et Al., 2013, Practical Skills in Biomolecular Sciences, 4th edition, Gosport:Pearson Education Limited 2013.
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