Islet of Langerhans

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The islets of Langerhans are the areas of the [[Pancreas|pancreas]] containing the endocrine cells responsible for producing the [[Hormone|hormones]] that are secreted by the pancreas. The areas are named after Paul Langerhans, a German anatomist, in 1869.  
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The islets of Langerhans are the areas of the [[Pancreas|pancreas]] containing the [[endocrine cells|endocrine cells]] responsible for producing the [[Hormone|hormones]] that are secreted by the [[pancreas|pancreas]]. The areas are named after [[Paul Langerhans|Paul Langerhans]], a German anatomist, in 1869.  
  
There are 5 cell types in the islets of Langerhans responsible for producing different hormones:  
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There are 5 cell types in the Islets of Langerhans responsible for producing different hormones:  
  
*Alpha cells: produce [[Glucagon|glucagon]]
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*Alpha cells: produce [[Glucagon|glucagon]]  
*Beta cells: produce [[Insulin|insulin]] and [[amylin|amylin]]
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*Beta cells: produce [[Insulin|insulin]] and [[Amylin|amylin]]  
*Delta cells: produce [[somatostatin|somatostatin]]  
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*Delta cells: produce [[Somatostatin|somatostatin]]  
*PP cells: produce [[pancreatic polypeptide|pancreatic polypeptide]]
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*PP cells: produce [[Pancreatic polypeptide|pancreatic polypeptide]]  
*Epsilon cells: produce [[ghrelin|ghrelin]]
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*Epsilon cells: produce [[Ghrelin|ghrelin]]

Revision as of 16:13, 22 October 2012

The islets of Langerhans are the areas of the pancreas containing the endocrine cells responsible for producing the hormones that are secreted by the pancreas. The areas are named after Paul Langerhans, a German anatomist, in 1869.

There are 5 cell types in the Islets of Langerhans responsible for producing different hormones:

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