Isomerase

From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Cleaned up the references. Added some links.)
 
(6 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Isomerase is a type of [[enzyme|enzyme]] that catalyses [[Isomeration reactions|isomeration reactions]]<ref>Berg J.M., 2012. Biochemistry, 7th Edition. W. H. Freeman and Company Publishing.</ref>. In these reactions, a [[Molecule|molecule's]] structure is altered, but the [[Molecular formula|molecular formula]] and the number of atoms stay the same.  
+
Isomerase is a type of [[Enzyme|enzyme]] that catalyses [[Isomeration reactions|isomeration reactions]]<ref>Berg J.M., 2012. Biochemistry, 7th Edition. W. H. Freeman and Company Publishing.</ref>. In these reactions, a [[Molecule|molecule's]] structure is altered, but the [[Molecular formula|molecular formula]] and the number of [[Atom|atoms stay]] the same.  
  
An example of this is [[Phosphoglucose isomerase|phosphoglucose isomerase]] which is important in the process of [[Glycolysis|glycolysis]], where it catalyses the isomeration of [[Glucose-6-phosphate|glucose-6-phosphate]] to [[Fructose-6-phosphate|fructose-6-phosphate]].<br>
+
An example of this is [[Phosphoglucose isomerase|phosphoglucose isomerase]] which is important in the process of [[Glycolysis|glycolysis]], where it catalyses the isomeration of [[Glucose-6-phosphate|glucose-6-phosphate]] to [[Fructose-6-phosphate|fructose-6-phosphate]].  
  
More examples of isomerase would be [[Alanine racemase|Alanine racemase]] and [[mutarotase catalyzes|mutarotase catalyzes]]. Alanine racemase converts [[L-alanine|L-alanine]] into [[D-alanine|D-alanine]]. Mutarotase catalyzes converts [[α-D-glucose|α-D-glucose]] into [[β-D-glucose|β-D-glucose]]<ref>Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/science/isomerase, Date accessed- 3/12/18</ref>.<br>
+
More examples of isomerase would be [[Alanine racemase|Alanine racemase]] and [[Mutarotase catalyzes|mutarotase catalyzes]]. Alanine racemase converts [[L-alanine|L-alanine]] into [[D-alanine|D-alanine]]. Mutarotase catalyzes converts [[Α-D-glucose|α-D-glucose]] into [[Β-D-glucose|β-D-glucose]]<ref>Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/science/isomerase, Date accessed- 3/12/18</ref>.  
  
=== '''References:'''  ===
+
Phosphoglucose isomerase is also a key enzyme involved in the process of [[Gluconeogenesis|gluconeogenesis]]<ref>http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR001672</ref>.
  
<references /><br><br>
+
=== References  ===
 +
 
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 16:28, 7 December 2018

Isomerase is a type of enzyme that catalyses isomeration reactions[1]. In these reactions, a molecule's structure is altered, but the molecular formula and the number of atoms stay the same.

An example of this is phosphoglucose isomerase which is important in the process of glycolysis, where it catalyses the isomeration of glucose-6-phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate.

More examples of isomerase would be Alanine racemase and mutarotase catalyzes. Alanine racemase converts L-alanine into D-alanine. Mutarotase catalyzes converts α-D-glucose into β-D-glucose[2].

Phosphoglucose isomerase is also a key enzyme involved in the process of gluconeogenesis[3].

References

  1. Berg J.M., 2012. Biochemistry, 7th Edition. W. H. Freeman and Company Publishing.
  2. Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/science/isomerase, Date accessed- 3/12/18
  3. http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR001672
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox