Lactate

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 Lactate is a negatively charged organic acid produced during anaerobic respiration. It has the chemical formula CH3CH(OH)COO-.[1]  Lactate is produced in humans by the enzyme Lactate dehydrogrenase from Pyruvate, this also converts NAD+ back into NADH. Blood lactate levels are 0.3 -1.3 mMol/l .[2]



  1. Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K and Walter P. (2007) Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th Edition, New York: Garland Science. p90
  2. Phypers and Pierce. (2006) Lactate physiology in health and disease. Contin Educ Anaesth Crit Care Pain 6(3): 128-132
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