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Lupus (meaning "wolf" in Latin-describing the symptom of the facial rush resembling a wolf's mask or bite) is a chronic autoimmune disease that has no known aetiology or effective cure yet and it can be life-threatening. 

In Lupus, a larger, than usual, number of antibodies is produced by the immune system that attack the healthy tissue and organs of the patient instead of protecting them from infections. This results in tissue damage and inflammation in almost any part of the body.

It is considered as the greatest mimic disease since the symptoms can be non-specific and result in misdiagnoses while it resembles rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis.[1] [2]



There are four types of Lupus:

  1. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus:

The most common type of Lupus that can be mild or severe. It contains inflammation of the kidneys, nervous system, brain's blood vessels and hardening of arteries.

       2. Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus:

This type of Lupus is limited to the skin causing many types of rashes and sores, mostly on the face area.

       3.Drug-induced Lupus Erythematosus:

Lupus disease caused by certain drug prescription such as Hydralazine (high blood pressure/hypertension), Procainamide (irregular heart rhythms) and Isoniazid (tuberculosis).

       4. Neonatal Lupus:

Not an actual type of Lupus. It is caused by a mother having Lupus having her antibodies to the infant in the womb.[3]


  1. This is a reference to the official site of NHS about Lupus Disease.
  2. This is a reference to the Primary Care Dermatology Society official site about Lupus.
  3. This is a reference for the Mayo Clinic official site about Lupus.


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