Lyases

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[[Carbon|Carbon]] bonds can be cleaved in [[oxidation|oxidation]] and [[hydrolysis|hydrolysis]] reactions. They can also be cleaved when two substrates form one product or when one substrate forms two products. When the [[Carbon_dioxide|CO]]<sub>[[Carbon_dioxide|2]]&nbsp;</sub> or [[Water|H<sub>2</sub>O]] is released a double bond will form. Lyases are the enzymes which catalyse these reactions.  
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[[Carbon|Carbon]] bonds can be cleaved in [[Oxidation|oxidation]] and [[Hydrolysis|hydrolysis]] reactions. They can also be cleaved when two substrates form one product or when one substrate forms two products. When the [[Carbon dioxide|CO]]<sub>[[Carbon dioxide|2]]&nbsp;</sub> or [[Water|H<sub>2</sub>O]] is released a double bond will form. Lyases are the enzymes which catalyse these reactions.  
  
An example which illistrates this is the conversion of [[Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate|fructose 1,6-bisphosphate]] (6 carbon compound) into [[dihydroxyacetone phosphate|dihydroxyacetone phosphate]] and [[glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate|glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate]] (both 3 carbon compounds)<ref>Jeremy M.Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Gregory J. Gatto, Lupert Stryer (2011). Biochemistry. 8th ed. W. H. Freeman; Eigth edition (1600). p442.</ref>.  
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An example which illistrates this is the conversion of [[Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate|fructose 1,6-bisphosphate]] (6 carbon compound) into [[Dihydroxyacetone phosphate|dihydroxyacetone phosphate]] and [[Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate|glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate]] (both 3 carbon compounds)<ref>Jeremy M.Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Gregory J. Gatto, Lupert Stryer (2011). Biochemistry. 8th ed. W. H. Freeman; Eigth edition (1600). p442.</ref>.  
  
=== References ===
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=== References ===
  
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Revision as of 15:16, 27 November 2017

Carbon bonds can be cleaved in oxidation and hydrolysis reactions. They can also be cleaved when two substrates form one product or when one substrate forms two products. When the CO2  or H2O is released a double bond will form. Lyases are the enzymes which catalyse these reactions.

An example which illistrates this is the conversion of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (6 carbon compound) into dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (both 3 carbon compounds)[1].

References

  1. Jeremy M.Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Gregory J. Gatto, Lupert Stryer (2011). Biochemistry. 8th ed. W. H. Freeman; Eigth edition (1600). p442.


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