Microorganisms are organic organism that are commonly found in most places in the environment, including but not limiting to soil and water. They are miniscule in size and often require the use of instruments such as a microscope to view and observe them. Common examples of microorganisms are bacteria and virus.
Microorganisms are important in various biological processes in the environment, most notable biodegrading environmental wastes. There are different types of microorganism and most of them are harmless to larger beings, with the exemption of the pathogenic strand. The pathogenic microorganisms can cause diseases in other living organisms.
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doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005579. eCollection 2017 Oct. Review.