- Range from 0.5-1μm in diameter (similar to bacteria).
- Contain an inner (folds in) and outer membrane.
- Contain cristae (singular crista) - internal compartments formed by the inner membrane folds.
- Contain a matrix- large overall internal compartment.
In sexual reproduction only the female gamete (ovum) has mitochondria when the gametes eventually fertilise, this is because the male gamete (sperm) draws upon all of its mitohondria for locomotion, to aid its travel to the ovum (egg). Furthermore, mitochondria in relation to the structure of the sperm, is wrapped tightly around the flagellum in the sperm and is fixed in this position, to enable the mitochondira to comply with the sperm's unusually high ATP consumption .
- ↑ Berg J.M, Tymoczko J.L., Stryer L (2001) Biochemistry, 5th edition, New York: WH Freeman. p492
- ↑ Molecular Biology of THE CELL, Fifth Edition, Alberts, Johnson, Lewis, Raff, Roberts, Watter (2008), Chapter 1 Cells and Genomes, Figure 1-33 A mitiochondrion, Page 28
- ↑ Bruce Alberts (et al)-2007: pg815