Monosaccharide

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Monosaccharides are the simplest form of [[Carbohydrate|carbohydrate]]. They form the basis of larger, more complex molecules such as [[Disaccharides|disaccharides]] and [[Oligosaccharides|oligosaccharides]] which are formed in a [[Dehydration reaction|dehydration reaction]] between two monosaccharides. Examples of monosaccharides include [[Glucose|glucose]] and [[Galactose|galactose]], and all share the generic formula Cx(H2O)y. They are classfied by the type of carbomyl group they contain, being either a [[Ketose|ketose]] (ketone group) or [[Aldose|aldose]] (aldehyde group).
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Monosaccharides are the simplest form of [[Carbohydrate|carbohydrate]]. They form the basis of larger, more complex molecules such as [[Disaccharides|disaccharides]] and [[Oligosaccharides|oligosaccharides]] which are formed in a [[Dehydration reaction|dehydration reaction]] between two monosaccharides. Examples of monosaccharides include [[Glucose|glucose]] and [[Galactose|galactose]], and all share the generic formula Cx(H2O)y. They are classfied by the type of carbomyl group they contain, being either a [[Ketose|ketose]] (ketone group) or [[Aldose|aldose]] (aldehyde group).  
  
A monosaccharide is the simpliset form of sugar such as [[Glucose|glucose]]. Many monosaccharides may for&nbsp;[[Disaccharides|disaccharides]]&nbsp;and [[Polysaccharides|polysaccharides]]&nbsp;by [[Condensation Reaction|condensation reactions]]&nbsp;<ref name="monosaccharide">Alberts, Johnson, Lewis, Raff, Roberts, Walter, (2008), Molecular biology of a cell, 5th edition, New York, Garland Science.</ref>.  
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A monosaccharide is the simplest form of sugar such as [[Glucose|glucose]]. Many monosaccharides may form&nbsp;[[Disaccharides|disaccharides]]&nbsp;(eg. Maltose)&nbsp;and [[Polysaccharides|polysaccharides]]&nbsp;(eg. Starch &amp; Glycogen)&nbsp;by [[Condensation Reaction|condensation reactions]]&nbsp;and formation of glycosidic&nbsp;bonds.&nbsp;<ref name="monosaccharide">Alberts, Johnson, Lewis, Raff, Roberts, Walter, (2008), Molecular biology of a cell, 5th edition, New York, Garland Science.</ref>.  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Revision as of 18:05, 1 December 2011

Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrate. They form the basis of larger, more complex molecules such as disaccharides and oligosaccharides which are formed in a dehydration reaction between two monosaccharides. Examples of monosaccharides include glucose and galactose, and all share the generic formula Cx(H2O)y. They are classfied by the type of carbomyl group they contain, being either a ketose (ketone group) or aldose (aldehyde group).

A monosaccharide is the simplest form of sugar such as glucose. Many monosaccharides may form disaccharides (eg. Maltose) and polysaccharides (eg. Starch & Glycogen) by condensation reactions and formation of glycosidic bonds. [1].

References

  1. Alberts, Johnson, Lewis, Raff, Roberts, Walter, (2008), Molecular biology of a cell, 5th edition, New York, Garland Science.
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