Oncology

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 Oncology is a speciality in medicine which involves the study of the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Specialists in this area are known as oncologists[1][2].

There are three main sub branches of oncology:

Contents

Medical oncology

Medical oncology involves the treatment of cancer using chemotheraphy, targeted therapy and/or immunotherapy[6].

Surgical oncology

Surgical oncologists are required to surgically remove tumours and the surrounding tissues.They also conduct biopsies, which are essential in the diagnosis of cancer[7].

Radiation oncology 

Radiation oncology involves the treatment of cancer using radiation therapy[8].

References

  1. U.S National library of medicine. Oncology.[cited 22/10/18]/. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0030532/
  2. National Cancer Institute. NCI dictionary of Cancer Terms.[cited 22/10/18]. Available from : https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/oncology
  3. Cancer.Net. Types of oncologists. [cited 22/10/18]. Available from: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
  4. Cancer.Net. Types of oncologists. [cited 22/10/18]. Available from: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
  5. Cancer.Net. Types of oncologists. [cited 22/10/18]. Available from: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
  6. Cancer.Net. Types of oncologists. [cited 22/10/18]. Available from: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
  7. Cancer.Net. Types of oncologists. [cited 22/10/18]. Available from: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
  8. Cancer.Net. Types of oncologists. [cited 22/10/18]. Available from: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
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