They can also be categorised as Ciliates, since they are surrounded by numerous cilia; these assist the cytostome for the nutrition process of paramecium and also the movement of the cell. They also have anal pores for excretion processes and contractile vacuoles whose function prevents bursting of the cell, which would otherwise be caused by the osmotic uptake of water, by a process known as osmoregulation . The Paramecium cell reproduces by a process called conjugation.
- ↑ Beale, Goffey &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Preer, John R. Jr. (2008) Paramecium Genetics and Epigenetics CRC Press, Taylor &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Francis Group.
- ↑ L.Prescott, J.Hardley and D.Klein Microbiology 6th Edition New York:McGraw-Hill
- ↑ Brock Biology of Micro-organisms 12th Edition, Madigan Dunlap Clark, Pg 69