From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki
Pentose is a five-carbon simple carbohydrate (monosaccharide). An example of a pentose sugar would be ribose in RNA and deoxyribose in DNA.
There are 2 types of pentoses; ketopentoses and aldopentoses. Ketopentoses have a ketone functional group located at position 2 or 3 of the pentose ring. Aldopentoses have an aldehyde functional group located at position 1 of the pentose ring.
- ↑ Breg J M., Tymoczko J L and Stryer L., (2011) Biochemistry, New York: W. H. Freemand and Company
- ↑ Oshitna, K., and Tollens, B., Ueber Spectral-reactionen des Methylfurfurols. Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 34, 1425 (1901)