Plasma

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Plasma is an [[Aqueous|aqueous]] solution of a number of different [[Organic_compound|organic]] solutes, and is one of the basic components of [[Blood|blood]].  
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Plasma is an [[Aqueous|aqueous]] solution of a number of different [[Organic compound|organic]] solutes, and is one of the basic components of [[Blood|blood]].  
  
 
=== Composition  ===
 
=== Composition  ===
  
In addition to water, plasma contains [[Plasma proteins|plasma proteins]], [[Sodium|Na<sup>+</sup>]], [[Potassium|K<sup>+</sup>]], [[Calcium|Ca<sup>2+</sup>]], [[Magnesium|Mg<sup>2+</sup>]], Cl<sup>-</sup>, HCO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>/HPO<sub>4</sub><sup>2-</sup> and [[Glucose|glucose]]&nbsp;<ref>W. Boron and E. Boulpaep, (2009) Medical Physiology 2nd Edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Page 108.</ref>. The [[Proteins|proteins]] include [[Albumin|albumin]] and [[Fibrinogen|fibrinogen]]<ref>W. Boron and E. Boulpaep, (2009) Medical Physiology 2nd Edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Page 448.</ref>, along with numerous other [[Clotting factors|clotting factors]].  
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In addition to water, plasma contains [[Plasma proteins|plasma proteins]], [[Sodium|Na<sup>+</sup>]], [[Potassium|K<sup>+</sup>]], [[Calcium|Ca<sup>2+</sup>]], [[Magnesium|Mg<sup>2+</sup>]], Cl<sup>-</sup>, HCO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>/HPO<sub>4</sub><sup>2-</sup> and [[Glucose|glucose]]<ref>W. Boron and E. Boulpaep, (2009) Medical Physiology 2nd Edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Page 108.</ref>. The [[Proteins|proteins]] include [[Albumin|albumin]] and [[Fibrinogen|fibrinogen]]<ref>W. Boron and E. Boulpaep, (2009) Medical Physiology 2nd Edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Page 448.</ref>, along with numerous other [[Clotting factors|clotting factors]].  
  
The composition of plasma is very similar to that of [[Interstitial fluid|interstitial fluid]], except that interstitial fluid contains no plasma proteins.  
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The composition of the plasma is very similar to that of [[Interstitial fluid|interstitial fluid]], except that interstitial fluid contains no plasma proteins.  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />

Latest revision as of 08:49, 5 December 2017

Plasma is an aqueous solution of a number of different organic solutes, and is one of the basic components of blood.

Composition

In addition to water, plasma contains plasma proteins, Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-, HCO3-, H2PO4-/HPO42- and glucose[1]. The proteins include albumin and fibrinogen[2], along with numerous other clotting factors.

The composition of the plasma is very similar to that of interstitial fluid, except that interstitial fluid contains no plasma proteins.

References

  1. W. Boron and E. Boulpaep, (2009) Medical Physiology 2nd Edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Page 108.
  2. W. Boron and E. Boulpaep, (2009) Medical Physiology 2nd Edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Page 448.
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