Plasmid

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Plasmids are supercoiled DNA molecules present in most species of bacteria. These are not integrated into the host chromosome and are much smaller in length.

Plasmids are not necessary for the survival of a bacteria but can contain genes that are advantageous in changing environmental conditions, an example would be antibiotic resistancegenes [1].

Plasmids have no replication machinery of their own and are reliant upon the host for duplication.

References

  1. Maloy et al., (1987), Microbial Genetics, 2nd edition, Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

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