Post-translational modification

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Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are chemical modifications made to proteins that regulate activity, localization and interaction of proteins with other cellular molecules.&nbsp;It has been discovered that the human genome comprises of 20-25,000 genes<ref name="null">1.International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (2004) Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome. Nature. 431, 931-45.</ref> however it is estimated that the human proteome comprises of over 1 million proteins<ref name="null">2.Jensen O. N. (2004) Modification-specific proteomics: Characterization of post-translational modifications by mass spectrometry. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 8, 33-41</ref>. PTMs make it possible for a single gene to encode multiple proteins and is therefore the key to proteome complexity. Some of the most prevalent PTMs are phosphorylation, ubiquitination, glycosylation, s-nitrosylation and acetylation. <br><references />&nbsp;1.International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (2004) Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome. Nature. 431, 931-45.
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Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are chemical modifications made to proteins that regulate activity, localization and interaction of proteins with other cellular molecules.&nbsp;It has been discovered that the human genome comprises of 20-25,000 genes<ref name="null">1.International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (2004) Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome. Nature. 431, 931-45.</ref> however it is estimated that the human proteome comprises of over 1 million proteins<ref name="null">2.Jensen O. N. (2004) Modification-specific proteomics: Characterization of post-translational modifications by mass spectrometry. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 8, 33-41.</ref>. PTMs make it possible for a single gene to encode multiple proteins and is therefore the key to proteome complexity. Some of the most prevalent PTMs are phosphorylation, ubiquitination, glycosylation, s-nitrosylation and acetylation. <br><references />&nbsp;
 
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2.Jensen O. N. (2004) Modification-specific proteomics: Characterization of post-translational modifications by mass spectrometry. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 8, 33-41
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Revision as of 15:22, 21 October 2016

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are chemical modifications made to proteins that regulate activity, localization and interaction of proteins with other cellular molecules. It has been discovered that the human genome comprises of 20-25,000 genes[1] however it is estimated that the human proteome comprises of over 1 million proteins[1]. PTMs make it possible for a single gene to encode multiple proteins and is therefore the key to proteome complexity. Some of the most prevalent PTMs are phosphorylation, ubiquitination, glycosylation, s-nitrosylation and acetylation.
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (2004) Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome. Nature. 431, 931-45.
 
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