Posterior pituitary gland

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The pituitary gland is part of the endocrine system and consists of two lobes: the posterior pituitary gland and the anterior pituiitary gland.

The posterior pituitary gland, otherwise known as the neurohypophysis, is or neural origin. It is not a gland, despite the name, but in fact it is a large cluster of axons from the hypothalamus that terminate behind the anterior pituitary gland. These axons then release hormones into the capillaries of the hypophyseal circulation[1]. such as oxytocin.


  1. Boundless anatomy and physiology. The Pituitary Gland. [Cited 05/12/18]; Available from:
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